Bush-training was the preferred method of planting grapevines for the ancient Latin people before the development of modern farming. In 2009 Girardet planted a small plot of Barbera as bush vines, simply tied to individual stakes. It is our belief this rustic, old-world technique allows the vine to grow more naturally and results in a wine with phenomenal depth of character. They are dry-farmed to establish a deep root system and maintain a small berry size, resulting in greater depth and complexity of flavor. The soils are a silt-loam over a shale substrate.